20/21 February and 5/7 March 2014
Conductor: Arnaud Oosterbaan
Pulcinella is a fantastic ballet by Igor Stravinsky based on an 18th-century play—Pulcinella is a character originating from Commedia dell’arte.
The ballet premiered at the Paris Opera on 15 May 1920 under the baton of Ernest Ansermet. The dancer Léonide Massine created both the libretto and choreography, and Pablo Picasso designed the original costumes and sets.
It was commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev.
The Four Seasons, Italian Le quattro stagioni, group of four violin concerti by Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi, each of which gives a musical expression to a season of the year. They were written about 1720 and were published in 1725 (Amsterdam), together with eight additional violin concerti, as Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione (“The Contest Between Harmony and Invention”). The Four Seasons is the best known of Vivaldi’s works. Unusually for the time, Vivaldi published the concerti with accompanying poems (possibly written by Vivaldi himself) that elucidated what it was about those seasons that his music was intended to evoke. It provides one of the earliest and most-detailed examples of what was later called program music — music with a narrative element.
Vivaldi took great pains to relate his music to the texts of the poems, translating the poetic lines themselves directly into the music on the page. In the middle section of the Spring concerto, where the goatherd sleeps, his barking dog can be marked in the viola section. Other natural occurrences are similarly evoked. Vivaldi separated each concerto into three movements, fast-slow-fast, and likewise each linked sonnet into three sections.
Cast and Crew:
Pulcinella Suite: Igor Stravinsky
Summer Evening: Zoltán Kodály
The Four Seasons – Antonio Vivaldi (by soloist)
Soloist: Frederique Saeijs
Lighting: Teus van der Stelt
The Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
20 februari 2014